Zelensky announced the construction in Ukraine of a camp for immigrants from the Crimea in agreement with Erdogan
In the Kherson region of Ukraine, it is planned to build a town for immigrants from the Crimea, among which more than 500 Crimean Tatars families, the country's president Vladimir Zelensky said. His words are cited by the press service of the President of Ukraine and Interfax. The President of Turkey Recep Erdogan supported these plans of the head of Ukraine.
"This year we must begin this (construction of the campus. – Note Interfax) do. You need communication and control, "Zelensky said on Thursday at a meeting with the Permanent Representative of the President of Ukraine in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Anton Korinevich. The Ukrainian leader explained that the relevant agreements were reached during his meeting with his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan, which took place on February 3 in Kiev.
In addition, according to Zelensky, at the Chongar entry and exit checkpoint on the administrative border with the Crimea, a special hub will be created with developed infrastructure for comfortable Ukrainians crossing the entry / exit checkpoint (CPVV), high-quality roads and transport links will be provided.
"My idea is that they (immigrants from Crimea. – Note Interfax) saw how we relate to people, to Crimeans. You are coming, and here is the "garden city". You feel the difference, because everything here is at the highest level: gas station, school, kindergarten, at home, ”the president explained.
Zelensky also stated the importance of implementing a program that simplifies the process of teaching children from the territories of Donbass not controlled by Kiev in Ukrainian universities. “So that they immediately receive all documents at the CPVV and know about the possibility of joining any university,” the head of state said.
The President also supported the proposal to create a special fund that will provide grants to talented Crimeans for development, training, and representation of the Ukrainian state at international venues. "This is an exclusively humanitarian initiative. It will show that this state is waiting for them, that Ukraine is truly Europe and freedom," Korinevich noted.
Zelensky also said that he would like to receive information about the situation on the Crimean peninsula directly from the people who are there. "If not with my own eyes, then with the eyes of people living in Crimea (see what happens there. – Note Interfax) So that they give us information and so that we can receive it through you, "the president said, referring to Korinevich.
Anton Korinevich, for his part, asked the president to help speed up the finalization of the bill to protect political prisoners.
According to official data, at the end of 2019, almost 43 thousand people left the Crimea. According to the OSCE and Ukrainian public organizations, the total number of actual migrants can reach 100 thousand people, Gordon reports.
In May 2018, the authorized representative of the President of Ukraine for the affairs of the Crimean Tatar people Mustafa Dzhemilev said that the Russian authorities had resettled more than a million people into the territory of the annexed Crimea.
On February 3, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan once again confirmed that Turkey supports the territorial integrity of Ukraine and considers Crimea an integral part of this country. "Once again, I want to emphasize that Turkey does not support the illegal annexation of Crimea," Erdogan said at a joint meeting with Zelensky and media representatives.
Currently, there are two state entities that claim to control the Crimean peninsula – the autonomous republic of Crimea as part of Ukraine and the republic of Crimea as part of Russia.
Crimea became a territory with an undefined legal status in 2014. This was preceded by a political crisis in Ukraine. In late 2013 and early 2014, mass protests began in Kiev after the authorities slowed down the process of European integration. A months-long mass protest resulted in clashes with law enforcement officials. After the protesters managed to seize a number of administrative buildings and failed to suppress the protest even with the use of firearms, President Viktor Yanukovych fled outside Ukraine at the end of February and found refuge in Russia.
Already in March 2014, with the participation of the Russian military, a change of power was carried out in the Ukrainian Crimea, and then a referendum was held on the issue of joining Russia. “Due to the high moral and volitional qualities, good training and endurance of officers and soldiers, we managed to hold a referendum in a peaceful and calm atmosphere. The population of Crimea, assessing the correctness and high professional training of the personnel of the Armed Forces, gratefully called the Russian military personnel“ polite people, ”it was said in the report of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, which at the end of 2014 was heard by Vladimir Putin.
More than 80% of eligible voters participated in the referendum. For reunification with Russia, 96.7% and 95.6% of the residents of Crimea and Sevastopol voted, respectively. On March 18, 2014, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed an agreement on the admission of the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol to the Russian Federation, and on March 21 it was ratified by the Federal Assembly.
The UN General Assembly overwhelmingly did not recognize the Russian affiliation of Crimea. The position of Russia was supported only by Armenia, Belarus, Bolivia, Cuba, North Korea, Nicaragua, Sudan, Syria, Venezuela and Zimbabwe.
In connection with the territorial dispute over Crimea, Ukraine, the United States, the European Union and other countries imposed a number of sanctions against Russia, Russian businessmen and politicians who visited Crimea public figures and doing business on the peninsula of companies from both Russia and other countries.
In March 2014, the United States banned its citizens and companies from conducting any business on the peninsula and importing Crimean goods to America. The European Union also banned its companies from opening a new business on the peninsula and investing in its tourism, transport, telecommunications, real estate and energy. In Brussels, they said that assistance and consultations in these sectors, as well as owning a business through a chain of companies, regardless of where they are registered, are considered a violation.
Fear of new sanctions proved to be more effective than the sanctions themselves. It is so large that even the giants of Russian business closely connected with the state (for example, Sberbank) refuse to work in the Crimea and six years after its tearing away from Ukraine.
The sanctions affect not only the tourism industry and the financial sector, but also ordinary citizens. The Russian leadership’s bid for import substitution did not materialize, and the shortage of drugs that arose in medicine turns into the death of sick children.
However, Moscow believes that the issue of Crimea’s membership is closed once and for all. "The question is closed forever; a referendum was held there," said Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev in 2016. Since then, the position of the Russian side has not undergone any changes.